
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Mechanical Engineering

6.050J/2.110J – Information, Entropy and Computation –
Spring 2016


Unit 13: Quantum Information
Schedule
Lecture 
Tuesday, May 10, 2016, 1:00 PM 
Room 1136 
Recitation 
Thursday, May 12, 2016, 1:00 PM 
Room 1136 
Final exam 
Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 9:00 AM – 12:00 PM 
Room 35310 
Closed book except that two sheets of 8 1/2 x 11 inch paper,
with notes on both sides, are allowed

Lecture Handouts
Students who for any reason did not receive these items can pick them up in
Room 38344. Most of this material is also available on the 6.050J/2.110J
Web site
http://mtlsites.mit.edu/Courses/6.050.
 Unit 13 Resources (this page)

6.050J/2.110J Notes

T. P. Spiller, “Quantum Information Processing: Cryptography,
Computation, and Teleportation,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 84, no. 12, pp.
1719–1746; December, 1996. Although this paper is several years old,
it provides an excellent introduction for students

Isaac L. Chuang, Lieven M. K. Vandersypen, Xinlan Zhou, Debbie W. Leung,
and Seth Lloyd, “Experimental Realization of a Quantum
Algorithm,” Nature, vol. 393, p. 6681; 1998

Seth Lloyd, “Quantummechanical Maxwell’s demon,” Physical
Review A, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 3374–3382; November, 1997

“The cost of forgetting,” The Economist, December 13, 1997. A
popular summary of this scientific paper

“Quantum Information,” Physics World, pp. 35–57; March,
1998. Some popular articles covering various aspects of quantum
information, including quantum communication, quantum cryptography, quantum
computing, and some possible ways of implementing the ideas

Richard P. Feynman, “Simulating Physics with Computers,”
International Journal of Theoretical Physics, vol. 21, nos. 6/7, pp.
467–488; 1982. Keynote speech at a conference held at MIT that was
one of the first in the newly developing field of quantum information

Bruce Kane, “Scalable Quantum Computing Using SolidState
Devices,” The Bridge, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 5–8; Winter, 2002.
Technologies that might support quantum information processing and scale to
a reasonable number of qubits

Michael Hiltzik, “Harnessing Quantum Bits,” Technology Review,
vol. 106, no. 2, pp. 58–63; March, 2003. Story about implementations
of quantum computers from several laboratories
Reading Assignment
Resources
Technical
Prof.
John
Preskill teaches a
course on
quantum information at Caltech.
Lecture
notes.
Several universities have research and teaching activities in quantum
information processing. Among these are:
One active industrial research groups in quantum information is at
IBM Research Yorktown. This was
the home of one of the early leaders in the field, the late Rolf Landauer,
and younger people including
Charles
H. Bennett, who is known for many contributions including his work on
quantum teleportation. Another active group is the
Quantum Information
Processing Group at HewlettPackard Laboratories, Bristol, UK.
Historical

Rolf Landauer
biography

Richard P. Feynman
biography.
Feynman, an MIT graduate, was curious about the nature of quantum
information
Books
There are already many books and conferences on quantum information, even
though the field is new.

HoiKwong Lo, Sandu Popescu, and Tim Spiller, “Introduction to Quantum
Computation and Information,” World Scientific, Singapore; 1998. The
book is based on a lecture series held at HewlettPackard Laboratories,
Bristol, UK, November 1996 – April, 1997

Michael A. Nielsen and Isaac L. Chuang, “Quantum Computation and
Quantum Information,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK;
2000. This is probably the best of the books intended for scientists and
engineers. Chuang, an MIT graduate, is currently on the MIT faculty

Dirk Bouwbeester, Artur Ekert, and Anton Zeilinger, editors, “The
Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography, Quantum Teleportation,
Quantum Computation,” SpringerVerlag, Berlin, Germany; 2000

Jeffrey H. Shapiro and Osamu Hirota, editors, “Proceedings of the
Sixth International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and
Computing,” July 22–26, 2002, Cambridge, MA; Rinton Press,
Princeton, NJ; 2003

George Johnson, “A Shortcut through Time: The Path to the Quantum
Computer,” Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY; 2003. This book, written by
a New York Times science writer, is for the general public and may not be
technical enough for some readers
James
Clerk Maxwell opened up the relationship between information and entropy
by proposing what is called today Maxwell’s Demon, which would
apparently violate the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Maxwell’s Demon
in its many forms has captured the imagination of both scientists and the
general public.

Leon Brillouin, “Science and Information Theory,” Second
Edition, Academic Press Inc, London, England; 1962. Topics include Brownian
motion, thermal noise, information theory, entropy, and the author’s
personal view of Maxwell’s Demon

Harvey S. Leff and Andrew F. Rex, “Maxwell’s Demon: Entropy,
Information, Computing,” Adam Hilger, Bristol BS1 6NX, England; 1990.
General historical discussion with many reprints of original papers but not,
regrettably, any of Maxwell’s own publications

Hans Christian von Baeyer, “Maxwell’s Demon,” Random
House, New York; 1998. A very good review for the general public, by a
Professor of Physics at the College of William and Mary, this book was
written before the quantum version of the demon was understood as well as it
is today
Help Wanted
6.050J/2.110J students: be the first to suggest a resource, for example a
useful Web site or a good book or article, to add to the list above. Send
your suggestion by email during Spring 2016 to 6.050staff at mit.edu.
6.050J/2.110J home page 
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